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Dusts of the Mind
  • greed (yoku)
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Greed is the standard gloss of yoku よく, one of the eight forms of dust or wrongful uses of mind identified in the Tenrikyo tradition. Yoku has also been translated as “avarice” in some older English Tenrikyo publications.[1]

Yoku happens to be the only dust explicitly mentioned in the Mikagura-uta.[2] It is explicitly identified as a dust in verse 3:96 of the Ofudesaki and mentioned in verses 3:74 and 5:30. Goyoku is a term found in the Ofudesaki that may be considered to be a variant of yoku.[3]

One church official has claimed that yoku occasionally represents “all uses mind that happen to be dusts”[4] while another has called it the source of the other forms of dust and compared the remaining seven forms to its branches.[5]


There are various explanations of the dust of greed according to various compilations (toki-wake) written by Tenrikyo followers.

Masaichi Moroi

One of the earliest of these compilations may be Masaichi Moroi’s, which describes greed as follows:

The dust of “greed” includes desiring to have more than average people, desiring to take as much as possible even if this is unreasonable or is seen by others as impermissible, desiring to make profits even by undue or unjust means, and desiring more and more when one already has enough. All such desires as may cause one to be viewed by others as greedy or avaricious come under the dust of “greed.” [6]

External links


  1. Palmquist, Charlotte. “Ten Commandments and Eight Dusts in Tenrikyo.” In Tenrikyo: Its History and Teachings, p. 232.
  2. See verse 4 of Song Five, Song Eight, verses 3 and 4 of Song Nine, verse 4 of Song Ten and Song Eleven.
  3. See Ofudesaki 2:43 and Ofudesaki 6:121.
  4. Fukaya, Yoshikazu. Words of the Path, p. 75.
  5. Attributed to Yosaburo Miyamori in 『本部員教話抄』 Honbu-in kyowa sho, p. 48.
  6. A Glossary of Tenrikyo Terms, p. 79. Original Japanese may be found in 諸井政一 Moroi Masaichi. 『正文遺韻抄』 Seibun iin sho, p. 181.