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Dusts of the Mind
  • miserliness (oshii)
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Miserliness is the standard gloss of oshii をしい, one of the eight forms of dust or wrongful uses of mind identified in the Tenrikyo tradition.

Miserliness is explicitly identified as a dust in verse 3:96 of the Ofudesaki.


There are various explanations of the dust of miserliness according to various compilations (toki-wake) written by Tenrikyo followers.

Masaichi Moroi

One of the earliest of these compilations may be Masaichi Moroi’s, which describes miserliness as follows:

The dust of “miserliness” includes begrudging paying an imposed charge, begrudging returning things borrowed, begrudging lending to others, begrudging fulfilling one’s responsibilities, begrudging sharing things with others, begrudging giving to those in need, and begrudging spending time for the sake of others. It goes without saying that begrudging doing whatever one is obliged to do comes under the dust of “miserliness,” yet that is not all. Begrudging spending time or effort on something that one is not obliged to do but that can help others or be of benefit to others is also “miserliness.”[1]

See also

Osashizu 1895-10-07

External links


  1. A Glossary of Tenrikyo Terms, p. 78. Original Japanese may be found in 諸井政一 Moroi Masaichi. 『正文遺韻抄』 Seibun iin sho, p. 173–174.