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Dusts of the Mind
  • grudge-bearing (urami)
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Grudge-bearing is the standard gloss of urami うらみ, one of the eight forms of dust or wrongful uses of mind identified in the Tenrikyo tradition. Urami has also been translated as “enmity” in some older English Tenrikyo publications.[1]

It may be noteworthy to mention that urami happens to be one of the three forms of dust that is not explicitly identified as such in the Ofudesaki. Further, depending on context, urami may also mean “doubt”[2] and “self-reproach” [3].


There are various explanations of the dust of grudge-bearing according to various compilations (toki-wake) written by Tenrikyo followers.

Masaichi Moroi

One of the earliest of these compilations may be Masaichi Moroi’s, which describes grudge-bearing as follows:

The dust of “grudge-bearing” includes bearing ill will toward others for interfering with one’s plans, for some supposed unkindness, for their intended act of kindness that one has taken as a disservice, and for their innocent mistake that one has interpreted as a malicious act. It goes without saying that all such ways of bearing ill will, which are unaccompanied by reflection on one’s own shortcomings or faults, come under the dust of “grudge-bearing.” Also included in this dust is allowing one’s lack of understanding of “causality”—which teaches that whatever is happening has its cause in oneself—to give rise to a feeling of grudge or ill will toward others.[4]

See also

Osashizu 1895-10-07

External links


  1. Palmquist, Charlotte. “Ten Commandments and Eight Dusts in Tenrikyo.” In Tenrikyo: Its History and Teachings. p. 232.
  2. Urami is translated as “doubt” in Ofudesaki 12:69.
  3. For instance, see verse 7 of Song Ten of the Mikagura-uta. This meaning of urami as self-reproach is further contrasted with its usual meaning of bearing a grudge in Ofudesaki 6:95, Ofudesaki 13:108, Ofudesaki 16:30, and Ofudesaki 17:60.
  4. A Glossary of Tenrikyo Terms, p. 79. Original Japanese may be found in 諸井政一 Moroi Masaichi. 『正文遺韻抄』 Seibun iin sho, p. 178.