Divine Model is the standard gloss of Hinagata ひながた. In Tenrikyo literature, the term Hinagata in most cases refers to Oyasama’s life between lunar 10/26/1838 (when she became the Shrine of Tsukihi) and February 18, 1887 (lunar 1/26/1887) when she withdrew from physical life. Calls for followers to follow the Divine Model of Oyasama frequently appear in Tenrikyo literature and sermons. The current Shinbashira Zenji Nakayama once noted that following the Divine Model of Oyasama amounted to being the “basis or starting point” of faith.
Another take on following the Divine Model has been described as follows:
- “To follow the Divine Model does not mean to imitate the way Oyasama lived, that is, not to repeat the past. As a model way of living, the Divine Model should be referred to help one take Oyasama’s intention into consideration in creating one’s own way of living.”
Analysis of term
“Hinagata” is a term that can be translated into “form,” “model,” “pattern,” “shape,” “skeleton,” and “template.”
Other meanings in Tenrikyo
There are some contexts in which the term “Hinagata” is used to either refer to the “models” of the Kanrodai built by Izo Iburi in 1873 (mentioned in Ofudesaki 9:45) and thereafter or to the “models” of husband and wife mentioned in the Tenrikyo Story of Creation.
Parent of the Divine Model
“Parent of the Divine Model” (Hinagata no Oya ひながたの親) is one of the three roles of Oyasama as designated by the second Shinbashira Shozen Nakayama. A Glossary of Tenrikyo Terms notes:
- “The term ‘Parent of the Divine Model’ refers to [Oyasama’s] role of demonstrating an exemplary model in order to teach and guide human beings.”
Appearances of “Hinagata” in the Osashizu
(pages nos. refer to hardcopy equivalent)
- Entry [www.tenrikyo.or.jp/en/newsletter/html/tt5/hinagata.html “The Divine Model (Hinagata)”] from Words of the Path by Yoshikazu Fukaya (pp. 28–9)
- Excerpt from Chapter Five — “The Divine Model” from The Doctrine of Tenrikyo, pp. 35–42.
- Excerpts on the [www.tenrikyo.or.jp/en/newsletter/html/tt2/d-model2-1.html Divine Model] from Growing Spiritually Day by Day by Zenye Nakayama
- Excerpts on the [www.tenrikyo.or.jp/en/newsletter/html/tt8/hinagata.html Divine Model] from My Hopes for the Young by Shozen Nakayama
- Sermons and Addresses by the Shinbashira 1996–2005, p. 231. (Sermon at the Spring Grand Service, January 26, 2003)
- Kaneko, Akira. “The View of Men and Women: A Tenrikyo Human Studies Perspective.” In Women and Religion. Tenri Yamato Culture Congress/The Center for Women and Religion, Graduate Theological Union, Berkley, p. 80.
- For examples of modern usage of this term, see ALC: ひな形 and ALC: 雛形.
- 『改訂 天理教辞典』 Tenrikyo jiten, p. 766.
- A Glossary of Tenrikyo Terms, p. 277.