|Ten aspects of God’s providence|
Izanami-no-Mikoto いざなみのみこと is one of the “ten aspects of God’s providence.” It appears tenth on a list of sacred names in Chapter Four of The Doctrine of Tenrikyo. It represents the model of woman at creation as well as the divine principle of the seedplot (seedbed).
Izanami-no-Mikoto is a major character in classical Shinto myths. Yet, according to Tadamasa Fukaya:
- Izanagi-no-Mikoto and Izanami-no-Mikoto in Tenrikyo and Izanagi and Izanami in the myth have no relation with each other except one same meaning, shared by both: “husband and wife.”
According to Hisanori Kontani, the “Iza” of the sacred name Izanami-no-Mikoto means “scales” while “na” means “without” and “mi” means “white snake.” Therefore, Izanami-no-Mikoto is a white snake with smooth skin without any scales.
Representation in the Kagura Service
In the Kagura Service, the positions of Izanagi-no-Mikoto and Izanami-no-Mikoto are reserved for married couples who are staff members of Tenrikyo Church Headquarters. A different pair of married couples are assigned to the role each month. Although the performers representing Izanagi-no-Mikoto and Izanami-no-Mikoto should be situated at the center, that is impossible because the Kanrodai stands there. Instead, they perform face to face standing east of Kumoyomi-no-Mikoto and wear hexagonal headgear.
Form in the muddy ocean
After consuming a turtle obtained from the southeast, God put the turtle into the serpent, and established the model of woman, giving the sacred name of Izanami-no-Mikoto to her.
Takanori Sato has suggested that the mi refers to a species of lamprey known as sunayatsume (Lethenteron reissneri).
Form in the heavens
Izanami-no-Mikoto is represented by the stars of the Tanabata Festival (specifically Vega).
Ura-shugo or “indirect explanation of the divine providence”
Izanami-no-Mikoto is associated with the Geku or the Outer Shrine of Ise.
- The Doctrine of Tenrikyo, p. 31.
- 天理教青年会資料調査班 Tenrikyo Seinenkai Shiryochosa-han. 「教祖伝史料の検討『中山みきノート批判』」“Oyasama-den shiryo no kento: Nakayama Miki kenkyu noto hihan.” 『あらきようりよう』 Arakitoryo 149 (Fall 1987), p. 234.
- Fukaya, Tadamasa. A Doctrinal Study: The Truth of Origin, p. 41.
- Kontani, Hisanori. My Lecture on the Koki, the Divine Record, p. 18.
- Morishita, Saburo S. Teodori: Cosmological Building and Social Consolidation in a Ritual Dance, p. 123.
- 中山正善 Nakayama Shozen. 『こふきの研究』 Koki no kenkyu, p. 124.
- 佐藤孝則 Sato Takanori. 「泥海—その発生学的意味」 “Doroumi—sono hassei gakuteki imi.” In 『』, p. 78.